# How How Bitcoins Are Made can Save You Time, Stress, and Money.

Let us say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the fake one, someone that took the problem of looking at both of the invoices' serial numbers would see that they were the exact same number, and consequently one of them had to be fictitious.

This isn't a perfect analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size should be increased to accommodate more information.

Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will get paid out.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as little as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You must be the first miner to reach the right answer to some numeric problem. This practice is also known as a proof of work.

The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have discovered that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that's not true at all. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equivalent to the target hash.

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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there first. To mine successfully, you moved here need to have a higher"hash speed," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you could mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator.

Either a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap method to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The graphics cards are those rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards into the metal pole.

ExampleI tell three friends that I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they just must be the very first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to this number I am thinking of.

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Let's say I'm thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they've both theoretically arrived at viable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Normally, it is the miner that has done the most work, i.e.

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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you probably noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let us unpack the term"hexadecimal."

As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.

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